System Engineering Viva Questions
System Engineering Viva Questions, Short Answer Types Viva Questions on System Engineering, Viva Questions on
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is Systems Engineering?
Ans. The function of systems engineering is to guide the engineering of complex systems. A system is defined as a set of interrelated components working together toward a common objective. Furthermore, a complex engineered system is:
- Composed of a multiplicity of intricately interrelated diverse elements.
- Require systems engineering to lead its development.
Q.2. Define the traditional engineering disciplines.
Ans. System engineering differs from traditional disciplines, i.e.,
- It is focused on the system as a whole.
- It is concerned with customer needs and operational environment.
- It leads system conceptual design.
- It bridges traditional engineering disciplines and gaps between specialities.
Moreover, systems engineering is an integral part of project management in that it plans and guides the engineering effort.
Q.3. Discuss the origins of systems engineering.
Ans. Modern systems engineering originated because advancing technology brought risks and complexity with the growth of automation, the competition required bridging disciplines and interfaces. Systems engineering refers to the distinctive set of concepts, methodologies, organizational structures that have been developed to meet the challenges of engineering effective functional systems of unprecedented size and complexity within time, budget, and other constraints. Computer control is qualitatively increasing the complexity of systems and is a particularly important concern of system engineering.
Q.4. Describe the examples of engineered complex systems requiring systems engineering.
Ans. Examples of engineered complex systems include:
- Weather satellite
- Airline reservation systems
- Clinical information system
- Oil refinery
- Electric power plant
- Truck location system
- Terminal air traffic control
- Passenger aircraft
- Auto assembly plant
- Modern harvester combines.
Q.5. Describe the systems engineering holistic viewpoint to meet requirements and development objectives.
Ans. The systems engineering holistic viewpoint is focused on producing a successful system that meets requirements and development objectives is successful in its operation in the field and achieves its desired operating life. The systems engineer must balance superior performance with affordability and schedule constraints. In fact, many aspects of systems engineering invoke achieving a balance among conflicting objectives.
Throughout the development period, the system engineer focuses his or her perspective on the total system, making decisions based on the impacts and capabilities of the system as a whole. This is accomplished by bridging multiple disciplines and components to ensure a total solution.
Specialized design is one-dimensional in that it has great technical depth, but the little technical breadth and little management expertise. Planning and control are two-dimensional: it has great management expertise. but the moderate technical breadth and small technical depth. But systems engineering is three-dimensional: it has great technical breadth, as well as moderate depth and management expertise.
Q.6. Discuss the systems engineer career development characteristics.
Ans. A system engineer should have creative and innovative to solve practical problems. Systems engineering is more of a challenge than the fastest way of the top. A career in systems engineering typically features technical satisfaction—finding the solution to abstract and ambiguous problems and recognition in the form of a pivotal program role. A successful systems engineer has the following traits and attributes:
- Well grounded technically.
- A good problem solver.
- Analytical and systematic.
- A superior communicator with leadership skills.